Worksheet created by T. Trimpe 2003 http://sciencespot.net/

Bikini Bottom Genetics Name ___________________________

Scientists at Bikini Bottoms have been investigating the genetic makeup of the organisms in this community.

Use the information provided and your knowledge of genetics to answer each question.

1. For each genotype below, indicate whether it is a heterozygous (He) OR homozygous (Ho).

TT _____ Bb _____ DD _____ Ff _____ tt _____ dd _____

Dd _____ ff _____ Tt _____ bb _____ BB _____ FF _____

Which of the genotypes in #1 would be considered purebred? _______________________________

Which of the genotypes in #1 would be hybrids? __________________________________________

2. Determine the phenotype for each genotype using the information provided about SpongeBob.

Yellow body color is dominant to blue.

YY _________________ Yy _________________ yy _________________

Square shape is dominant to round.

SS _________________ Ss _________________ ss _________________

3. For each phenotype, give the genotypes that are possible for Patrick.

A tall head (T) is dominant to short (t).

Tall = ________________________ Short = __________________________

Pink body color (P) is dominant to yellow (p).

Pink body = ___________________ Yellow body = _____________________

4. SpongeBob SquarePants recently met SpongeSusie Roundpants at a dance. SpongeBob is heterozygous

for his square shape, but SpongeSusie is round. Create a Punnett square to show the possibilities that would

result if SpongeBob and SpongeSusie had children. HINT: Read question #2!

A. List the possible genotypes and phenotypes for their children.

B. What are the chances of a child with a square shape? ____ out of ____ or ____%

C. What are the chances of a child with a round shape? ____ out of ____ or ____%

5. Patrick met Patti at the dance. Both of them are heterozygous for their pink body color, which is dominant

over a yellow body color. Create a Punnett square to show the possibilities that would result if Patrick and

Patti had children. HINT: Read question #3!

A. List the possible genotypes and phenotypes for their children.

B. What are the chances of a child with a pink body? ____ out of ____ or ____%

C. What are the chances of a child with a yellow body? ____ out of ____ or ____%

Worksheet created by T. Trimpe 2003 http://sciencespot.net/

6. Everyone in Squidward’s family has light blue skin, which is the dominant trait for body color in his

hometown of Squid Valley. His family brags that they are a “purebred” line. He recently married a nice girl

who has light green skin, which is a recessive trait. Create a Punnett square to show the possibilities that

would result if Squidward and his new bride had children. Use B to represent the dominant gene and b to

represent the recessive gene.

A. List the possible genotypes and phenotypes for their children.

B. What are the chances of a child with light blue skin? ____%

C. What are the chances of a child with light green skin? ____%

D. Would Squidward’s children still be considered purebreds? Explain!

7. Assume that one of Squidward’s sons, who is heterozygous for the light blue body color, married a girl

that was also heterozygous. Create a Punnett square to show the possibilities that would result if they had

children.

A. List the possible genotypes and phenotypes for their children.

B. What are the chances of a child with light blue skin? ____%

C. What are the chances of a child with light green skin? ____%

8. Mr. Krabbs and his wife recently had a Lil’ Krabby, but it has not been a happy occasion for them. Mrs.

Krabbs has been upset since she first saw her new baby who had short eyeballs. She claims that the hospital

goofed and mixed up her baby with someone else’s baby. Mr. Krabbs is homozygous for his tall eyeballs,

while his wife is heterozygous for her tall eyeballs. Some members of her family have short eyes, which is

the recessive trait. Create a Punnett square using T for the dominant gene and t for the recessive one.

A. List the possible genotypes and phenotypes for their children.

B. Did the hospital make a mistake? Explain your answer.